Please Note: if you are new to the Goat Diaries, these are a series of articles that are best read in order. The first installment was posted on Oct. 2nd. I suggest you begin there: https://theclickercenterblog.com/2017/10/02/ Two of the goats I write about originally came for a twelve day stay in July. The July Goat Diaries track their training during this period. In November these two goats, plus three others returned. They will be with me through the winter. The “Goat Palace” reports track their training. I wish to thank Sister Mary Elizabeth from the Community of St. Mary in upstate NY for the generous loan of her beautiful cashmere goats.
July Goat Diaries – Day 4 Continued
Multiple mats serve many functions. For starters having a second mat gives your learner something to move towards. This is especially useful if you have a horse whose feet feel as though they are stuck in cement – or a goat who is learning about cues.
The first thing Pellias had learned with the clicker was you got treats for moving your nose to a target stick. He could do that.
Then I had taught him the platform game, and with it came a “rule”. You get treats for staying on the platform. He had that one!
But now if I held a target out just beyond the platform, the “rules” seemed to conflict. What was he supposed to do? I didn’t want him to feel confused or frustrated. I thought adding in a second platform might help him solve the puzzle. Now if he stepped off the platform to touch the target, it just took him to another platform. What a good deal!
In effect the appearance of the target became the cue to go to another platform. From his perspective I’m sure he was convinced that I was saying: “Stay on your platform until you see the baton. When you see that, it’s your cue to move to the second platform.” Down the road I will want targets to have a more general meaning: “orient to this object”. For now I was content with this as a starting point. It was okay to attach that very specific meaning to the baton. When I want to expand his understanding of targets, there are lots of other things I can use.
It’s important to notice the “rule” your animal is following and to understand what he thinks the cues you’re presenting mean. You don’t want to make him wrong for something he thinks he is getting right. After all, whatever odd conclusions he is coming to are a result of what you’ve taught him. The training mantras to remember are:
“Don’t make them wrong for something you’ve taught.”
“You never know what someone has learned. You only know what you’ve presented.” (Your learner will tell you later what he thinks you’ve been teaching!)
I wanted Pellias to stay on platforms. I also wanted him to leave them. And I wanted him to orient to targets. I needed to set up my training so the “rules” he was learning didn’t conflict.
When they did, I either needed to go have a cup of tea while I figured out a way to explain things better. Or I needed to let his rule be right. That sounds as though I am caving in to my animal, but really what I am doing is reinforcing him for what he already knows while I sneakily insert extra pieces. As the behaviors expand, suddenly the rules can co-exist without conflict.
Essentially Pellias was learning about cues. The platform was a cue – go stand on it. The target stick was a cue – go touch it with your nose. If the target was close enough to the platform, he could do both at the same time, but now he had to choose. Do I stay or go?
For every exercise you teach, there is an opposite exercise you must teach to keep things in balance.
In this case leaving meant going to the second platform. The pull of both cues took him off the platform to the target. Click – treat. “That was right. Now how about hopping up on this block of wood?” He was learning that cues weren’t meant to put him into conflict. What should I do? What should I do? Instead it’s: “You’re doing great, so here’s the next cue.” That cue opens the door to another fun thing that you also get reinforced for.
The general takeaway is this: my learner has continued to be successful throughout, but now the training has gained a new layer of complexity. Inserted into the mix is the control that cues give us: You’re doing this now. That’s great. Now wait there. That’s still great. Now switch and shift to this other activity. Perfect! What does my learner experience? You’re right, you’re right, you’re right. Learning is easy!
My second platform was much smaller than the foam platform I had been using. A horse would have needed some time to figure out how to get all four feet on such a small landing zone. P’s mountain goat heritage meant he had no trouble not only balancing on the platform, but pivoting on it, as well. Again, I was learning that goats are like horses, except they’re not. This long series of photos shows how quickly I was able to open up space between us while he stayed on his platform.
Based on this series of photos, I wouldn’t want you to think that the training was all smooth sailing or that P was a perfect little angel. He did have his moments. The good news was he was beginning to have a repertoire of desirable behaviors that I could reinforce. He very quickly recovered his good manners and returned to standing well on the platform.
P was not lacking for energy. He jumped at speed from one platform to the next. He needed to learn how to control his speed so he could land on the platform. He was certainly fun to watch as he leapt from one platform to the next. I loved the air-planing of his ears! These goats are full of such joy. That’s something I very much wanted to preserve in their training.
The Goat Palace Journal for Dec. 14, 2017
That was then. This is now. Pellias had a session by himself first thing in the morning. We had the length of the hallway to play in – thirty feet. I had all the platforms out: the storage box at the far end, the narrow platforms set at right angles to one another in the middle, the larger foam platform at the near end, a “balance beam” of a thick piece of wood, and a couple of wooden mats. Pellias had a glorious time bouncing from one platform to another.
When I started with him in July his eagerness and energy would sometimes erupt into a charging head butt. That behavior has completely disappeared (at least towards me. He’ll still have a go at Elyan and Galahad.) I never punished him for these displays towards me. Instead I stayed focused on showing him what I wanted. Go from this platform to this one, and I will give you a treat. Now he can bounce joyfully from one to another. He can get excited and still stay in the game. Training – it’s a wonderful thing!
I let Elyan join him for another game of leap frog. Back and forth they went, from one platform to another. Oh, and did I mention there was an open box of hay sitting by the gate? I normally bring the hay out in empty shavings bags so the goats aren’t tempted. I had run out of bags, so this morning I carried the hay out in a big plastic box. While I was restocking my treat supply, the game stopped briefly. They took advantage of the break to run over to the box to eat. But as soon as the game was back on, they left the freely available food to play leap frog with me. Training – it is a wonderful!
Coming Next: Goat Diaries Day 4 Eagerness